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Is anything ever completely original?

25 Mar

When posting on YouTube users have to be careful when being imposed with copyright infringement. “The way to ensure that your video doesn’t infringe someone else’s copyright is to use your skills and imagination to create something completely original,” (Copyright Tips on YouTube). But how do you create something “completely original” when most people generate ideas from another piece of work because there is some inspiration behind the new idea.

Online YouTube offers self-help pages about preventing copyright, what copyright is, and what happens when you upload infringing content. YouTube has these pages as disclaimers to project their website and others original pieces of work. They also offer this disclaimer,


On YouTube all videos, clips, and audio have to be original works. However, aren’t there numerous videos that are remakes of other videos or responses to other videos? Are they “completely original” works if they are responses or reactions to other original works? I wonder what exact regulations or guidelines are written out they decided exactly what videos are “completely original” and what are copies.

In the chapter, “Copyright and American culture: Ideas, expressions, and democracy,” by Siva Vaidhyanathan says, “Copyright was created as a policy that balanced the interests of authors, publishers, and readers,” (Vaidhtanathan, 20). It is a way to protect the creators of the “completely original” pieces of work. It is hard to believe that a lot of videos on YouTube are remaining online and are considered original pieces of work. I have seen numerous videos that are remakes, responses, or paradoxes of other videos.

What makes some thing “completely original” if it’s a response to another video or the idea was inspired from another video?


Where Will It End?

24 Mar

The majority of things we get online or use in day to day activity can be seen a sealing someones ideas. How crazy is that? Most of us can understand that stealing music is illegal and downloading it can give us huge fine, but we still do it anyway. But, the question is, what is seen as stealing and how do we properly address forms or borrowing? When discussing the remixes we saw in class on Thursday, many of us thought they were funny and innovative. It was interesting to see different ways to view a movie preview and how certain aspects like music and word placement can change the meaning of a work. We discussed whether this would be considered stealing though because technically the movie is already made and the same clips are being used in the remix, but the order, music, and wording are all changed. Should this be considered copyright infringement?
People today say phrases like “don’t use my word” or “that was my idea first.” How are these things determined and why do people think these things? I think it is a form of showing that our population wants to be recognized for their thoughts and to be credit for them. This is all fine and great until people start actually copyrighting words and the population then has to pay for the use of those words every time we want to use them. Where does it end? In class we also discussed the idea of play directors wanting to copyright their movements on stage so no one else can use them. There are only so many different positions though that this would be near impossible. For now, we only have to worry about giving attribution to people we discuss in papers and the ideas we use but in the future we may be paying directly for certain words just because they are copyrighted. The copyright law used to last for fourteen year and now it last for 170 years. It just has to make us wonder whats tep is next and what will we have to do to avoid it.

You Tube Phenomenon

15 Mar

After watching An Anthropological Introduction to You Tube it made me think about my own “You Tube Journey”. My dad is very technology savvy and is always telling me about the new phenomena on the internet.  I remember when my dad first told me about You Tube and of course it was around the time You Tube first came out.  Nobody really knew what to think about You Tube but I remember him telling me, “Look Laur, you can put yourself or anything you want up on the internet. You can become your own little star.”

This was all happening while I was in high school, so You Tube was exploding around me.  When you walked down the halls you would hear about the new video on You Tube. I used You Tube in high school to figure out how I would act out a certain song on stage because everyone put their performances up on You Tube. I finally made my own account and put my first video up. The video was of me in Footloose singing Let’s Hear It for The Boys.  It didn’t catch on like a lot of other You Tube videos but to this day it has over 1,000 views.  If you think about it one thousand more people saw that video, and that is amazing.

You Tube is an amazing phenomenon. It gives people the opportunity to do things such as create movies, music videos, instructional videos, and much much more. It’s a powerful tool for freedom of speech. You can also use You Tube in the classroom. It is a great place to get free material and every teacher likes educational material that is free. We should not sensor You Tube from the schools. We should learn how to use it to our benefit. You can actually learn a lot from You Tube. For example my brother made three experimental steady cams and learned the concepts all from watching You Tube videos. You Tube gives people the opportunity to show the world what they can do. 

Less Budget for Early Childhood Education

8 Mar

While this article (linked below) is for the state of Kentucky, who knows what’s going to happen for the other states including New Jersey. $7.5 million dollars LESS is in the budget for early childhood education which was originally $15 million. Though this still leaves a large sum of money, is it really enough?

As a student going to college to be an early childhood education teacher, this boggles my mind. The early childhood years are the most important years in fostering a child’s learning. How you set them up in preschool and kindergarten is going to set them up for their future in schooling. How could someone take away from that? Early years of schooling are what gives a child socialization skills, where they learn to write their name, identify numbers, letters, shapes, and colors, and many other things. Yes a child can learn those things in later years of school, but that is only going to set them back and put them behind on what they really should be learning at certain ages. Early childhood education isn’t any less of schooling then elementary or secondary education. If anything it is MORE important.

Even though they are assuring people that with less of a budget, the early childhood education for children will stay the same, how could it? Less of a budget means less room for children, less supplies, and less of other things. The budget should be cut in things that aren’t as necessary for children (which I’m not going to state now because that can be saved for another blog). I can only hope that budget cuts for early childhood education don’t keep happening.


Safe Shopping?

8 Mar

I never would’ve thought that when I went shopping at Target or any other store for the matter, I would be tracked for everything I do. It is crazy to me that when you enter a store you are given a code that detects so much about you just by what you buy. I’m honestly a little creeped out by the fact that Target can find out my age, where I live, and other demographics about me by what I purchase at their store. Andrew Pole, is somewhat of a genius though. For one person to come up a way to figure this all out is amazing as creepy as it is.

I feel violated and almost afraid to shop now because I don’t need random people knowing all of this information about me. Especially the fact that they can purchase more information on a person that they cannot find out themselves. I understand it is all for revenue and to get people to keep coming back into the store, but don’t enough people shop there already? Is it necessary to do all these sneaky things behind people’s backs to try to get them to shop at Target? I don’t think it is. As smart of a thing this was to create and it could change the whole outlook on shopping, I don’t think it is right to do. People have the right to at least some sort of privacy and this is completely violating it.

Who am I according to Target?

5 Mar

Walking into Target, to purchase a new pair of heels, a new Chelsea Handler book, a memory card for my camera, a pack of twizzlers, OPI nailpolish, and new Covergirl Mascara. What is Andrew Pole thinking of me?

Instantly, they must know I am a girl and that I am around the ages of 17- 24 because the novel I purchased, the heels, and the makeup. Am I going to be comfortable with Target knowing this about me? Or is it beneficial because I will get coupons ad ads showing me the products I like that are on sale or have different promotions?

As I read the article “How Companies Learn Your Secrets,” from the New York Times by Charles Duhigg. I began to think of how different stores, websites, and companies have access to numerous pieces of information on me even if I had only shopped there once or twice. This made me think of the information people can get off your Facebook after only being on your page once or twice. Viwers can see your sex, birthday, relationships, interests, and email address. All on the Internet and now public information.

This article fascinated me because I can only imagine how many stores and online websites have different identities on me because of what I buy. They must know my exact habits of my online shopping since every ad on the side of my computer always relates to the products I was just putting in my shopping cart or checking into my wish list. I have noticed that one of my habit loops is the payday. I know that on the Friday’s I get paid I ready to go buy something, and this could be a habit for others my age. Can Target, or other stores, tell the days I get paid based on the days I shop every two weeks?

Will they be sending me ads every two weeks? (Cue) Knowing that I am more likely to spend money on the Fridays I get paid (Routine.) Then enjoy buying myself something because I worked hard and earned the money (Reward). How are we supposed to prevent them from triggering our cues that are imbedded into our routines?

Stores like Target and similar competitors have begun to create these computer-generating identities of us, but are customers going to try to prevent these customized ads by trying to break the system or encourage them? It is hard to say which side of this argument presents the greener grass or the sweeter deal. Every customer loves to have coupons or promotions for them, so aren’t these corporations helping us to help them?

As a future teacher I will be regularly buying classroom supplies, stickers, crafts, holiday items, books, and other things I will need for my classroom. If stores like Target generate this profile that place me as teacher it could help me save money and help me to see what Target has to offer compared to other stores. Target would be sending me ads and promotions for the things I needed. Yes, it would be mixed with things I didn’t necessarily need. But, if all stores did this like Target, Walmart, A.C. Moore, and Kmart, they would be able to show their consumers what they have to offer for their particular needs. Then after comparing all of these customized ads for a teacher it would be easier to decide what I would buy from each store. Isn’t it like these stores are doing the work for me when I am hunting for a bargain?

These corporations are activating our cues that fit within our routines and create our reward by buying on a regular basis at a good price. Is it weird that these corporations are creating these identities and knowing about my life? Yes. But, wouldn’t it be much easier to show us the things we need or want verses looking among numerous stores to find the items? People put too much information on social networking cites and if they aren’t concerned with that information being on the internet then they shouldn’t be concerned with the corporations like Target trying to identify their shopping profile or identity.

This was mentioned in the article and I wanted to find out if this had really happened and this is what I stumbled on:

How Target Figured Out A Teen Girl Was Pregnant Before Her Father Did


Old Habits Die Hard

5 Mar

Crest or Colgate? A&P or ShopRite? The places to shop and brands to buy are never ending and it always seems that we prefer one over the other. How silly is it to pay more for certain brands and to shop at three different stores in order to get your favorite milk, shampoo, and meat selection. After reading this article, I realized how ridiculous it actually was to do thins but they make a good point, we all like to stick to our traditions. So the question is, how to we change those traditions. According to Target, their marketing for their supplies is crucial to how well their stores do and how much money they make. They think that by targeting expecting mothers in their second trimester is the most effective way to get people to buy anything and everything they could possible need at their stores.
“We knew that if we could identify them in their second trimester, there’s a good chance we could capture them for years,” Pole told me. “As soon as we get them buying diapers from us, they’re going to start buying everything else too. If you’re rushing through the store, looking for bottles, and you pass orange juice, you’ll grab a carton. Oh, and there’s that new DVD I want. Soon, you’ll be buying cereal and paper towels from us, and keep coming back.” I think this is brilliant of Target because their tactics are so simple and yet completely accurate. One of my family members, my aunt, just had a baby recently and she is a very picky eater and she likes certain brands for all of her foods. She is a single mom and found herself shopping at Target very frequently because it was down the street from her house. Since she was buying baby formula there, she was also picking up clothing, toys a few items for herself, and several groceries to put in the fridge. She was not a person who would ever do this but I think because her time is limited to when she can shop, stores like Target are a big hit. Working full time, she wants to spend as much time with her child as possible and by going to places that have everything you need, it cuts down on shopping times dramatically.